Simple. Safe. Pure.

Amino acids occur naturally in the human body. Put simply, amino acids are protein in its purest form. Humans acquire amino acids by synthesizing them in the body or taking supplements like Amino Vital®.

Our supplements are a unique combination of five key amino acids - leucine, isoleucine, valine, arginine and glutamine. Our products use pure ingredients and a simple formula, which allows the body to absorb nutrients quickly and more easily.

Every kind of athlete benefits from amino acid supplements. These supplements help athletes achieve their goals – whether it’s running longer, cycling faster, lifting more weight or perfecting a golf game. Amino Vital allows you to train harder, smarter, and longer to get more out of each workout.

There are 4 key ways Amino Vital supplements help athletes:

1

Prevent Fatigue

Multiple chains of complex biochemical processes are responsible for mental and muscle fatigue during and after exercise. Fatigue is a result of both exhaustion in the brain called central nervous system (CNS) fatigue, and peripheral fatigue, which is a result of exhausted muscle fibers and other physiological factors. Several processes have been identified for being responsible for CNS fatigue during exercise including increased production of serotonin in the brain and over production of ammonia in the blood. Amino acids, like those in Amino Vital®, have been shown to boost and enhance these complex biochemical processes including reducing the brain's serotonin levels, and reduction of ammonia from the bloodstream.

(Asmussen, 1979; Ament, 2009; Blomstrand, 2001; Blomstrand, 2006; Davis, 1997; Shimomura, 2006)

2

Reduce Muscle Soreness & Speed Recovery

A vigorous work out creates Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) through the release of certain enzymes in the bloodstream. The stiffness, tenderness and pain during movement associated with DOMS can inhibit your peak performance in your next exercise regimen. By consuming amino acids via supplements like Amino Vital®, studies show that DOMS can be reduced. This means you will be less sore after that long training session, and you can get back in the game sooner to win.

(Jackman, 2009; Shimomura, 2006, Skillen, 2008)

3

Increase Muscle Building & Endurance

Through complex biological processes, amino acids found in the Amino Vital® formula increase the rate of protein synthesis, resulting in muscle and tissue-building during and after exercise. At the same time, amino acids in Amino Vital® help decrease the rate of protein decomposition, increase your ability to sustain exercise longer and improve your recovery.

(Blomstrand, 2006)

4

Improve Concentration & Focus

The five key amino acids found in the Amino Vital® special formula minimize mental fatigue and improve concentration during and after exercise. Through a complex neurological mechanism, consumption of amino acids during and after exercise has been shown to prevent mental fatigue and improve concentration and mental clarity during and even after your workout. This allows you to focus more on your game and less on how tired you feel.

(Blomstrand, 2011)

Science Behind Amino Vital

Amino acids are organic molecules that, when joined together, form links like beads on a necklace. The combination of hundreds to thousands of these beads creates proteins. These ‘necklaces’ are folded or twisted into unique structures, which allow them to perform their specific function in the body. Proteins are ‘worker’ molecules that are responsible for nearly every process in the human body – including muscle and organ building, transport of necessary substances in the blood, nerve signaling, gene replication, and digestion of food.

Almost all cellular processes in the body are affected or controlled by proteins. By supplementing your body with the specifically formulated combination of Amino Vital amino acids, you provide your body with the essential building blocks necessary to perform at your best.

THE DIFFERENT ORIGINS OF AMINO ACIDS IN THE BODY

Most amino acids are synthesized by the body itself and are called 'non-essential' amino acids. However, nine amino acids cannot be produced by the body and are called 'essential'. It is therefore necessary to obtain them from the diet or from supplements like Amino Vital®. A subset of the essential amino acids which are particularly important to muscle building and metabolism are called branched chain amino acids (BCAAs). Amino Vital®'s special formulation includes all three BCAAs - leucine, isoleucine and valine.

AMINO ACIDS IN MUSCLE

During exercise, major and rapid changes occur in the muscle's amino acids. These changes play an important role in various complex biochemical chain reactions that can result in fatigue during prolonged exercise. Through supplementation with Amino Vital®, an increased supply of the fuel for the biochemical process is maintained which builds muscle and reduces fatigue during exercise, allowing you to recover more quickly. (Shimomura, 2006; Blomstrand, 2001; Skillen, 2008)

THE BRANCHED CHAIN AMINO ACIDS (BCAAS)

The amino acid leucine, which is part of Amino Vital®'s special formulation, increases the rate of protein synthesis and decreases protein break down during recovery from endurance exercise (Blomstrand, 2006). Thus Amino Vital® products enhance your body's ability to build muscle during work outs and speed muscle recovery between training sessions.

Metabolism of the BCAAs, in particular have a central role during exercise. In the exercising muscle, amino acids are the basis for a complex chain reaction that results in the synthesis of glutamine, which is necessary for energy production and also has an important function in other human tissues. For a schematic of BCAA metabolism in muscle, see below. (Wagenmakers,1998).

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GLUTAMINE AND AMMONIA

Glutamine serves multiple roles in your body including protein and energy synthesis, muscle growth, immune system maintenance, and numerous other important metabolic functions. ( Newsholme, 2003; Bassit, 2000; Bowtell, 2007).

During exercise, muscles continuously consume glutamate and in turn release glutamine in a complex biochemical cycle. Glutamine is also part of a by-product that allows ammonia to be transported through the blood in a non-toxic fashion so that the body can eliminate it. (Wagenmakers, 1998).

Studies have shown that during vigorous exercise the body cannot produce enough glutamine by itself which results in a build-up of ammonia and causes the fatigue and reduced functioning often experienced during intense training. (Wilkinson, 2010) Supplementing the body with the additional amino acids found in Amino Vital® enables your body to continue and enhance the glutamine production cycle - which can significantly improve your endurance performance (MacLean, 1996; Crowe, 2006).

Amino Acids & Muscle Health

THE POWER OF ARGININE

Another component of the Amino Vital® formula, arginine, also promotes the removal of ammonia by assisting in the synthesis of urine. Arginine is responsible for many other important biochemical processes which improve exercise performance including increased blood flow, protein synthesis for muscle building, release of the growth hormone, and boosting the immune system. (Wu, 2009; Morris, 2004)

SEROTONIN, AMMONIA AND FATIGUE

During exercise, the accumulation of both serotonin and ammonia have been linked to central nervous system fatigue (CNS). Scientists propose that increased serotonin limits the CNS drive to exert working muscles. (Davis, 1997). The raised level of serotonin causes a complex neurochemical reaction involving tryptophan which causes mental fatigue as well. (Blomstrand, 2006). Over-production of ammonia is a secondary process which causes CNS fatigue and motor control deficiency . (Wilkinson, 2010) Studies have shown that by consuming amino acids like those found in Amino Vital®, the brain activity responsible for delaying fatigue is enhanced. This allows for prolonged exercise and increased endurance. (Davis, 1997). By including the special combination of Amino Vital® amino acids in your exercise regimen, you will feel less tired during and after your work out and improve your mental clarity. (Blomstrand, 2001).

THE SYNERGY OF THE 5 KEY INGREDIENTS OF Amino Vital®

A plentiful supply of the amino acids in Amino Vital® during and after training provides multiple benefits for repeated peak exercise performance and quicker recovery. The individual benefits of each ingredient include enhanced protein synthesis for building muscle, increased blood flow, and continuously-enabled ammonia transport - which safeguards against muscle damage and fatigue, and allows you to stay mentally focused on your exercise.

Additionally, the combination of these five amino acids - leucine, isoleucine, valine, arginine and glutamine provides a unique synergy that improves training through increased muscle strength and oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood stream. With Amino Vital® you can train harder, better, faster, and more efficiently by getting more out of each work out and event. (Ohtani, 2006).

Scientific Studies

  • Amino acids prevent mental fatigue and improve mental clarity

    Blomstrand E., Amino acids and central fatigue. Amino Acids. 2001

    Discussion of multiple studies in both animals and humans explaining the neurochemical properties of mental fatigue and how consuming amino acids positively influence it.

  • How branched chain amino acids positively influence protein synthesis after exercise

    Blomstrand E. et al, Branched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exercise, J Nutr. 2006.

    A study and detailed biochemical discussion demonstrating how BCAAs positively influence protein synthesis in human muscle and recovery after endurance exercise.

  • How leucine positively influences strength and endurance in exercise

    Crowe MJ et al, Effects of dietary leucine supplementation on exercise performance, Eur J Appl Physiol. 2006.

    A study of 13 human subjects and detailed biochemical discussion of the positive effects of six-weeks of regular supplementation of leucine on exercise performance and endurance.

  • How nutrition positively influences mental fatigue in exercise

    Davis J et al, Possible mechanisms of central nervous system fatigue during exercise. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: 1997.

    Detailed biochemical discussion describing the current facts and hypotheses of mental or central nervous system fatigue during and after exercise. Evidence suggests that decreases in specific neurotransmitters during prolonged exercise delays fatigue, and that certain nutritional supplements designed to minimize the synthesis of specific neurotransmitters during prolonged exercise improve endurance performance.

  • The positive influence of branched chain amino acids on muscle soreness and recovery after exercise

    Jackman SR et al, Branched-chain amino acid ingestion can ameliorate soreness from eccentric exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009.

    Study involving 24 humans doing weight training that demonstrated how BCAA supplementation reduced muscle soreness. Detailed discussion of biochemical processes, study design and other results are included in the paper.

  • Positive synergy of branched chain aminos combined with arginine and glutamine

    Ohtani, M. et al, Amino Acid Mixture Improves Training Efficiency in Athletes. J. Nutr. 2006

    A study of rugby players demonstrating the beneficial effects of the unique combination of leucine, isoleucine, valin, arginine and glutamine on the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, muscle function, fatigue, and recovery after heavy exercising.

  • Positive impact of branched chain amino acids on muscle soreness, fatigue and recovery after exercise

    Shimomura Y et al, Nutraceutical effects of branched-chain amino acids on skeletal muscle. J Nutr. 2006.

    Detailed biochemical discussion of BCAAs in muscle examining protein synthesis and muscle growth. Also, study involving humans doing squats demonstrating that BCAA supplementation decreased muscle soreness and fatigue even a few days after exercise.

  • How muscle damage and fatigue is prevented by amino acids in repeat exercise

    Skillen RA et al, Effects of an amino acid carbohydrate drink on exercise performance after consecutive-day exercise bouts. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2008.

    A study of 12 cyclists and a detailed biochemical discussion of how the addition of amino acids to a carbohydrate drink improved performance, prevented damage and decreased fatigue after consecutive-day exercise.

  • How amino acids during exercise and at rest are important for metabolism in muscles

    Wagenmakers AJ., Muscle Amino Acid Metabolism at Rest and During Exercise: Role in Human Physiology and Metabolism.1998

    Highly detailed biochemical discussion illuminating the proposed and established processes of amino acids in exercise and at rest as a result of metabolism. The molecular by-products and chemical interrelationships that result from amino acid metabolism during exercise are also discussed.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Consult your healthcare professionals before taking any dietary supplements.